Background and purpose: This study aims to quantify dosimetric reduction to the left anterior descending (LAD) artery, heart and lung when comparing whole breast external beam radiotherapy (WBEBRT) with multicatheter accelerated partial breast irradiation (MCABPI) for early stage left breast cancer.
Materials and methods: Planning CT data sets of 15 patients with left breast cancer receiving multicatheter brachytherapy post breast conserving surgery were used to create two independent treatment plans - WBEBRT prescribed to 50 Gy/25 fractions and MCABPI prescribed to 34 Gy/10 fractions. Dose parameters for (i) LAD artery, (ii) heart, and (iii) ipsilateral lung were calculated and compared between the two treatment modalities.
Results: After adjusting for Equivalent Dose in 2 Gy fractions(EQD2), and comparing MCAPBI with WBEBRT, the largest dose reduction was for the LAD artery whose mean dose differed by a factor of 7.7, followed by the ipsilateral lung and heart with a factor of 4.6 and 2.6 respectively. Compared to WBEBRT, the mean MCAPBI LAD was significantly lower compared to WBEBRT (6.0 Gy vs 45.9 Gy; p<0.01). Mean MCAPBI heart D(0.1cc) (representing the dose received by the most highly exposed 0.1 cc of the risk organ, i.e. the dose peak) was significantly lower (16.3 Gy vs 50.6 Gy; p<0.01). Likewise, the mean heart dose (MHD) was significantly lower (2.3 Gy vs 6.0 Gy; p<0.01). Peak dose and mean lung dose (MLD) for ipsilateral lung was also lower for MCAPBI compared to WBEBRT (Peak dose: 22.2 Gy vs 52.0 Gy; p<0.01; MLD: 2.3 Gy vs 10.7 Gy; p<0.01).
Conclusion: Compared to WBEBRT, MCAPBI showed a significant reduction in radiation dose for the LAD, heart and lung. This may translate into better cardiac and pulmonary toxicities for patients undergoing MCAPBI.
Keywords: Dose reduction; Heart; Left anterior descending artery; Lung; Multicatheter accelerated partial breast irradiation; Whole breast external beam radiotherapy.
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