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. 2015 Sep;97-B(9):1220-5.
doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.97B9.35765.

Arthroscopic Fixation of an Avulsion Fracture of the Tibia Involving the Posterior Cruciate Ligament: A Modified Technique in a Series of 22 Cases

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Arthroscopic Fixation of an Avulsion Fracture of the Tibia Involving the Posterior Cruciate Ligament: A Modified Technique in a Series of 22 Cases

L B Chen et al. Bone Joint J. .

Abstract

A total of 22 patients with a tibial avulsion fracture involving the insertion of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) with grade II or III posterior laxity were reduced and fixed arthroscopically using routine anterior and double posteromedial portals. A double-strand Ethibond suture was inserted into the joint and wrapped around the PCL from anterior to posterior to secure the ligament above the avulsed bony fragment. Two tibial bone tunnels were created using the PCL reconstruction guide, aiming at the medial and lateral borders of the tibial bed. The ends of the suture were pulled out through the bone tunnels and tied over the tibial cortex between the openings of the tunnels to reduce and secure the bony fragment. Satisfactory reduction of the fracture was checked arthroscopically and radiographically. The patients were followed-up for a mean of 24.5 months (19 to 28). Bone union occurred six weeks post-operatively. At final follow-up, all patients had a negative posterior drawer test and a full range of movement. KT-1000 arthrometer examination showed that the mean post-operative side-to-side difference improved from 10.9 mm (standard deviation (sd) 0.7) pre-operatively to 1.5 mm (sd 0.6) (p = 0.001). The mean Tegner and the International Knee Documentation Committee scores improved significantly (p = 0.001). The mean Lysholm score at final follow-up was 92.0 (85 to 96). We conclude that this technique is convenient, reliable and minimally invasive and successfully restores the stability and function of the knee.

Keywords: Posterior cruciate ligament; Avulsion fracture; Arthroscopy; suture.

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