Hemoglobin A1c levels in a diabetes detection program

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1978 Sep;47(3):578-80. doi: 10.1210/jcem-47-3-578.


Hemoglobin A1c concentration (HbA1c) was compared to the plasma glucose responses at 1 and 2 h of an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in 63 subjects preselected because of postprandial hyperglycemia. HbA1c concentrations were correlated with 1- and 2-hour plasma glucose responses during the OGTT (r = 0.776 and 0.8602, respectively). The OGTT responses were diabetic-like in 21, indeterminate in 15, and normal in 27 subjects. HbA1c values were within normal limits in all subjects who had a normal or indeterminate OGTT response and in 10 out of 21 with a diabetic OGTT. The 2-h OGTT response among the 10 diabetic responders with normal HbA1c was 200 +/- 31 mg/100 ml (mean +/- SD), while that of the 11 diabetic responders with elevated HbA1c was 352 +/- 122 mg/100 ml. All subjects with an elevated HbA1c had a 2-h plasma glucose above 228 mg/100 ml, whereas only 7% of subjects with a normal HbA1c had a 2-h glucose above this value. It is concluded that only about half of the patients currently diagnosed as having mild or chemical diabetes by OGTT have elevated HbA1c and that an elevated HbA1c is usually associated with 2-h OGTT levels above 228 mg/100 mg.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Blood Glucose / analysis
  • Clinical Laboratory Techniques
  • Diabetes Mellitus / diagnosis*
  • Glucose Tolerance Test
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / analysis*
  • Humans
  • Reference Values


  • Blood Glucose
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A