Purpose: The use of receptor-targeted antibodies conjugated to photosensitizers is actively being explored to enhance treatment efficacy. To facilitate clinical testing, we evaluated cetuximab conjugated to IRDye700DX (IR700) in cynomolgus macaques.
Procedures: Total IR700 and intact cetuximab-IR700 were measured in 51 tissues at 2 and 14 days after intravenous injection of 40 and 80 mg/kg cetuximab-IR700, respectively, and compared with an unlabeled cetuximab-dosed control group (two each per sex per time point per group).
Results: The IR700 retrieved from all tissues at 2 and 14 days after dosing was estimated at 34.9 ± 1.8 and 2.53 ± 0.67% of the total dose, respectively. The tissues with the highest levels of intact cetuximab-IR700 at 2 days after dosing were the blood, lung, and skin. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections at 2 days after dosing showed the highest IR700 signals in the axillary lymph node, mammary gland, and gall bladder.
Conclusions: Both IR700 and intact cetuximab-IR700 biodistributions were consistent with known epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression, and changes between 2 and 14 days were consistent with rapid metabolism and excretion of the cetuximab-IR700.
Keywords: Biodistribution; Cetuximab; IRDye700DX; Macaques; Photoimmunotherapy.