Criterion-Related Validity of the 20-M Shuttle Run Test for Estimating Cardiorespiratory Fitness: A Meta-Analysis

J Sports Sci Med. 2015 Aug 11;14(3):536-47. eCollection 2015 Sep.

Abstract

The main purpose of the present meta-analysis was to examine the criterion-related validity of the 20-m shuttle run test for estimating cardiorespiratory fitness. Relevant studies were searched from twelve electronic databases up to December 2014, as well as from several alternative modes of searching. The Hunter-Schmidt's psychometric meta-analysis approach was conducted to estimate the population criterion-related validity of the 20-m shuttle run test. From 57 studies that were included in the present meta-analysis, a total of 78 correlation values were analyzed. The overall results showed that the performance score of the 20-m shuttle run test had a moderate-to-high criterion-related validity for estimating maximum oxygen uptake (r p = 0.66-0.84), being higher when other variables (e.g. sex, age or body mass) were used (r p = 0.78-0.95). The present meta-analysis also showed that the criterion-related validity of Léger's protocol was statistically higher for adults (r p = 0.94, 0.87-1.00) than for children (r p = 0.78, 0.72-0.85). However, sex and maximum oxygen uptake level do not seem to affect the criterion-related validity values. When an individual's maximum oxygen uptake attained during a laboratory-based test is not feasible, the 20-m shuttle run test seems to be a useful alternative for estimating cardiorespiratory fitness. In adults the performance score only seems to be a strong estimator of cardiorespiratory fitness, in contrast among children the performance score should be combined with other variables. Nevertheless, as in the application of any physical fitness field test, evaluators must be aware that the performance score of the 20-m shuttle run test is simply an estimation and not a direct measure of cardiorespiratory fitness. Key pointsOverall the 20-m shuttle run test has a moderate-to-high mean criterion-related validity for estimating cardiorespiratory fitness.The criterion-related validity of the 20-m shuttle run test is significantly higher for adults than for children. However, when the performance score is combined with other variables, the criterion-related validity value increases considerably among children.Sex and maximum oxygen uptake level of individuals seem not to affect the criterion-related validity of the 20-m shuttle run test.When individuals' maximum oxygen uptake attained during a laboratory-based test is not feasible, the 20-m shuttle run test seems to be a useful alternative for estimating cardiorespiratory fitness.

Keywords: Léger test; Maximum oxygen uptake; Multistage fitness test; PACER; peak oxygen uptake.

Publication types

  • Review