Global analysis of asymmetric RNA enrichment in oocytes reveals low conservation between closely related Xenopus species

Mol Biol Cell. 2015 Nov 1;26(21):3777-87. doi: 10.1091/mbc.E15-02-0115. Epub 2015 Sep 2.


RNAs that localize to the vegetal cortex during Xenopus laevis oogenesis have been reported to function in germ layer patterning, axis determination, and development of the primordial germ cells. Here we report on the genome-wide, comparative analysis of differentially localizing RNAs in Xenopus laevis and Xenopus tropicalis oocytes, revealing a surprisingly weak degree of conservation in respect to the identity of animally as well as vegetally enriched transcripts in these closely related species. Heterologous RNA injections and protein binding studies indicate that the different RNA localization patterns in these two species are due to gain/loss of cis-acting localization signals rather than to differences in the RNA-localizing machinery.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Female
  • Oocytes / metabolism
  • Oocytes / physiology*
  • Oogenesis / genetics
  • RNA / metabolism*
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Sequence Analysis, RNA
  • Species Specificity
  • Transcriptome
  • Xenopus / genetics*
  • Xenopus / metabolism
  • Xenopus Proteins / genetics
  • Xenopus Proteins / metabolism
  • Xenopus laevis / genetics
  • Xenopus laevis / metabolism


  • RNA, Messenger
  • Xenopus Proteins
  • RNA