Continuous Culture of Cryptosporidium Parvum Using Hollow Fiber Technology

Int J Parasitol. 2016 Jan;46(1):21-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpara.2015.07.006. Epub 2015 Sep 2.

Abstract

Diarrheal disease is a leading cause of pediatric death in economically low resource countries. Cryptosporidium spp. are the second largest member of this group and the only member for which no treatment exists. One of the handicaps to developing chemotherapy is the lack of a reproducible long-term culture method permitting in vitro drug screening beyond 48 h. We have adapted the well-established hollow fiber technology to provide an environment that mimics the gut by delivering nutrients and oxygen from the basal layer upwards while allowing separate redox and nutrient control of the lumen for parasite development. Using this technique, oocyst production was maintained for >6 months, producing approximately 1×10(8)oocysts ml(-1)day(-1), compared with 48 h with a yield of 1×10(6)oocysts ml(-1) in two-dimensional cultures. Oocysts, after 4 and 20 weeks in culture, produced a chronic infection in a TCR-α-deficient mouse model. In vivo infectivity of oocysts was confirmed using oocysts from a 6 week culture in a dexamethasone immunosuppressed mouse model.

Keywords: Anaerobic; Cryptosporidium; Hollow-fiber; In vitro culture.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Culture Techniques / instrumentation*
  • Cell Culture Techniques / methods*
  • Cell Line
  • Cryptosporidiosis / parasitology*
  • Cryptosporidium parvum / cytology*
  • Cryptosporidium parvum / growth & development
  • Dexamethasone / pharmacology
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Feces / parasitology
  • Female
  • Fresh Water / parasitology
  • Host-Pathogen Interactions
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Oocysts / cytology
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 18S / genetics

Substances

  • RNA, Ribosomal, 18S
  • Dexamethasone