Summary of factors contributing to falls in older adults and nursing implications

Geriatr Nurs. 2015 Sep-Oct;36(5):397-406. doi: 10.1016/j.gerinurse.2015.08.006. Epub 2015 Sep 3.


Falls are a common cause of serious injury and injury-related death in the older adult population, and may be associated with multiple risks such as age, history of falls, impaired mobility, balance and gait problems, and medications. Sensory and environmental factors as well as the fear of falling may also increase the risk of falls. The purpose of this article is to review current best practice on screening fall risks and fear of falling, fall prevention strategies, and fall prevention resources to assist gerontological nurses in reducing falls by their older adult clients.

Keywords: Fall risk; Fall risk screening; Falls.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Accidental Falls* / prevention & control
  • Accidental Falls* / statistics & numerical data
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Female
  • Geriatric Assessment*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Psychotropic Drugs / adverse effects
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Syncope


  • Psychotropic Drugs