Separation of Quadruplex Polymorphism in DNA Sequences by Reversed-Phase Chromatography

Curr Protoc Nucleic Acid Chem. 2015 Jun 1;61:17.7.1-17.7.18. doi: 10.1002/0471142700.nc1707s61.


This unit describes a method for the separation of a mixture of quadruplex conformations formed from the same parent sequence via reversed-phase chromatography (RPC). Polymorphism is inherent to quadruplex formation and even relatively simple quadruplex-forming sequences can fold into a cornucopia of possible conformations and topologies. Isolation of a specific conformation for study can be problematic. This is especially true for conformations of the human telomere sequence d(GGG(TTAGGG)3). High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), especially reversed-phase chromatography, has been a mainstay of nucleic acid research and purification for many decades. We have successfully applied this method to the problem of separating individual quadruplex species in the ensemble from the same parent sequence.

Keywords: RPC; quadruplex; reversed-phase chromatography; telomere.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chromatography, Reverse-Phase / methods*
  • DNA / genetics
  • G-Quadruplexes*
  • Humans
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Telomere / genetics*


  • DNA