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. 2015;2015:819874.
doi: 10.1155/2015/819874. Epub 2015 Aug 5.

A Fatal and Extremely Rare Obstetric Complication: Neglected Shoulder Presentation at Term Pregnancy

Free PMC article

A Fatal and Extremely Rare Obstetric Complication: Neglected Shoulder Presentation at Term Pregnancy

Orkun Cetin et al. Case Rep Obstet Gynecol. .
Free PMC article


Stillbirth is still an important problem for parents and healthcare providers worldwide. Nowadays, the neglected shoulder presentation is usually observed in developing countries and is associated with increased risk of fetomaternal morbidity and mortality. In recent years, there were limited reports about obstetric management of this serious complication in the literature. In this case report, we aimed at describing the neglected shoulder presentation at term pregnancy that caused fetal death and discussing management options for this rare obstetric complication during labor.


Figure 1
Figure 1
Neglected shoulder presentation at term pregnancy with intrauterine fetal demise. Cyanosed and prolapsed right fetal arm was seen outside of the vagina.

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