Implementation of a quality improvement initiative to reduce daily chest radiographs in the intensive care unit

BMJ Qual Saf. 2016 May;25(5):379-85. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2015-004151. Epub 2015 Sep 8.


Objective: To reduce the number of routine chest radiographs (CXRs) done in a tertiary care intensive care unit (ICU).

Methods: Using a quality improvement approach, we measured the number of CXRs done per patient-day before (15 June 2010-15 June 2011) and after (15 June 2011-15 June 2012) a multipronged intervention in a 15-bed medical-surgical ICU in a 350-bed tertiary care teaching hospital. We studied a total of 1492 patients who were admitted to this ICU-738 patients during the preintervention period and 754 patients during the postintervention period. Interventions were education for the ICU house staff, developing indications for routine CXRs on the computer order-entry system, and visual posters/signage to remind ICU staff that there were no indications for routine, daily CXRs. The primary outcome was the number of CXRs per patient-day, but we also measured CTs of the chest, mechanical ventilator days, length of ICU stay and ICU and hospital mortality.

Results: There were 0.73 CXRs per patient-day done during the preintervention period and 0.54 CXRs per patient-day done during the postintervention period, a 26% reduction. There were no differences between the periods in age, sex or severity of illness (Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score) of the patients, number of chest CTs, mechanical ventilator days, length of ICU stay and ICU or hospital mortality.

Conclusions: A quality improvement that includes education, reminders of appropriate indications and computerised decision support can decrease the number of routine CXRs in an ICU.

Keywords: Critical care; Health services research; Healthcare quality improvement; Hospital medicine.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cohort Studies
  • Confidence Intervals
  • Cost Savings
  • Critical Care / economics
  • Critical Care / methods*
  • Databases, Factual
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intensive Care Units*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Quality Improvement*
  • Radiography, Thoracic / economics
  • Radiography, Thoracic / statistics & numerical data*
  • Tertiary Care Centers
  • Unnecessary Procedures / economics
  • Unnecessary Procedures / statistics & numerical data*