Background: New, safer, and more effective agents to treat hyperlipidemia and thereby prevent cardiovascular events are under research.
Objective: To evaluate the lipid-lowering effects and safety of a natural hypolipidemic compound, coenzyme A (CoA) capsule, in Chinese patients with moderate dyslipidemia, compared with pantethine.
Methods: Overall, 216 subjects (124 males and 92 females; age, 18-75 years) with moderate dyslipidemia (triglyceride [TG], 2.3-6.5 mmol/L) were randomly divided into 2 groups administered CoA 400 U/d (n = 111) or pantethine 600 U/d (n = 105). Blood lipoproteins, liver and renal function, blood glucose, and complete blood count were measured at baseline and after 4- and 8-week treatment.
Results: TG reduction was 26.0% with CoA and 17.4% with pantethine after 4 weeks and 33.3% and 16.5% after 8 weeks; compared with baseline, the reduction was significant (P < .01) in both groups. The difference between the 2 groups was significant at both 4 weeks (P = .0413) and 8 weeks (P < .001). Compared with baseline, total cholesterol and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) were reduced, whereas HDL-C was increased with CoA after 8 weeks (all P < .05). Compared with pantethine, total cholesterol (P = .026) and non-HDL-C (P = .005) were significantly reduced after 8 weeks of CoA treatment. There was no statistical difference in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol or HDL-C between the 2 groups (P > .05) and no difference in blood glucose, hepatic or renal function, myopathy, or gastrointestinal tract symptoms.
Conclusions: CoA can improve TG and other lipoprotein parameters to a greater extent than pantethine in moderate dyslipidemia, with no obvious adverse effects.
Keywords: Adverse effect; Coenzyme A; Dyslipidemia; Non–high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; Triglyceride.
Copyright © 2015 National Lipid Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.