Modern methods for vancomycin determination in biological fluids by methods based on high-performance liquid chromatography--A review

J Sep Sci. 2016 Jan;39(1):6-20. doi: 10.1002/jssc.201500600. Epub 2015 Oct 14.


Vancomycin is a glycopeptide antibiotic used in the therapy of severe bacterial infection. The monitoring of vancomycin levels is recommended because of its narrow therapeutic index and toxicity. This measurement is especially appropriate in patients with unstable renal functions, who receive high doses of vancomycin or present serious bacterial infections accompanied by important sequestration of liquids when it could be difficult to achieve the optimal therapeutic dose. Most of the methods for vancomycin determination in routine practice are immunoassays. However, chromatography-based techniques in combination with UV or mass spectrometry detection provide results with greater accuracy and precision also in complicated biological matrices. This review provides a detailed overview of modern approaches for the chromatographic separation of vancomycin in various biological samples and useful sample preparation procedures for vancomycin determination in various biological fluids.

Keywords: Biological fluids; High-performance liquid chromatography; Sample preparation; Vancomycin.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / analysis*
  • Body Fluids / chemistry*
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid / methods*
  • Humans
  • Vancomycin / analysis*


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Vancomycin