Dynamic performance of vibration induced anterior-posterior sway during upright posture in normal subjects

Acta Otolaryngol Suppl. 1989;468:227-30. doi: 10.3109/00016488909139051.

Abstract

Human postural control works as a dynamic feedback control system. The dynamic performance of postural control for anterior-posterior movements during upright posture are defined by three parameters. These parameters reflect the stiffness, the damping and the swiftness of a response to an induced perturbation. In the present study 23 normal subjects were investigated. Both with open and closed eyes, there was a negative correlation between swiftness and stiffness. With open eyes there was also a weak correlation between swiftness and damping. When the subjects were tested with open eyes there was a prominent and highly significant increase of stiffness and a reduction of swiftness of the responses. It was found that proprioceptive information from the calf muscles contributes in postural control of movements up to 1 Hz and visual information is important for movements up to 0.05 Hz. The present findings suggest that postural control changes dynamic strategies depending on the available sensory feedback.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Feedback
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Postural Balance / physiology*
  • Posture / physiology*
  • Vibration*
  • Vision, Ocular / physiology