Liver Injury from Herbal, Dietary, and Weight Loss Supplements: a Review

J Clin Transl Hepatol. 2015 Jun 28;3(2):93-8. doi: 10.14218/JCTH.2015.00006. Epub 2015 Jun 15.


Herbal and dietary supplement usage has increased steadily over the past several years in the United States. Among the non-bodybuilding herbal and dietary supplements, weight loss supplements were among the most common type of HDS implicated in liver injury. While drug induced liver injury is rare, its consequences are significant and on the rise. The purpose of this review is to highlight case reports of weight loss products such as Hydroxycut and OxyElite Pro as one form of HDS that have hepatotoxic potential and to characterize its clinical effects as well as pattern of liver injury. We also propose future strategies in the identification and study of potentially hepatotoxic compounds in an effort to outline a diagnostic approach for identifying any drug induced liver injury.

Keywords: Drug induced liver injury; Herbal and dietary supplements; Weight loss supplements.

Publication types

  • Review