Background: To examine whether elevated glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is associated with hyperfiltration in a middle-aged and elderly Chinese population.
Methods: Anthropometric and biochemical examinations were performed in 2491 individuals from the general population, aged 40-79 years, who participated in the Huaian Diabetes Prevention Program. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated from creatinine levels using the CKD-EPI formula. Hyperfiltration was defined as eGFR >90(th) percentile.
Results: After adjustment [for age, gender, waistline, body mass index, blood pressure, smoking, alcohol consumption, cholesterol, log(triglycerides), high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, serum uric acid, sodium intake, hypertension, and use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers], HbA1c and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) were found to be independently positively associated with eGFR. Additionally, after multivariate adjustment, the odds ratios (95 % CI) for hyperfiltration calculated for a 1-unit increase in HbA1c and FPG were 1.396 (1.089-1.790) and 1.306 (1.117-1.526), respectively. Compared with participants with HbA1c levels <5.7%, the odds ratios (95 % CI) for hyperfiltration were 2.344 (1.025-5.364) in participants with HbA1c levels of 6.21-6.49%, and 2.965 (1.537-5.720) in those with HbA1c levels ≥ 6.5%.
Conclusion: Elevated HbA1c (≥ 6.21%) is associated with an increased odds of hyperfiltration in middle-aged and elderly Chinese. Longitudinal studies are needed to explore whether hyperfiltration increases the odds of diabetic nephropathy in individuals with prediabetes.