Starmera Pilosocereana Sp. Nov., a Yeast Isolated From Necrotic Tissue of Cacti in a Sandy Coastal Dune Ecosystem

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2015 Dec;65(12):4474-4478. doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.000596. Epub 2015 Sep 11.

Abstract

Two strains of a novel cactophilic yeast species were isolated from the columnar cactus Pilosocereus arrabidae in a sand dune ecosystem in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Phylogenetic analysis of sequences of the large subunit rRNA gene D1/D2 domains showed that the strains represent a sister species to Starmera caribaea, from which it differs by 21 nt substitutions and two indels. The novel species is heterothallic and the asci are deliquescent with the formation of two to four hat-shaped ascospores. The name Starmera pilosocereana sp. nov. is proposed for the species. The type strain is UFMG-CM-Y316T ( = CBS 13266T) and the allotype is UFMG-CM-Y346a ( = CBS 13265). The Mycobank number is MB 810683. In addition, Candida stellimalicola belonging to the Starmera clade, is reassigned to Starmera as a new combination.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Brazil
  • Cactaceae / microbiology*
  • DNA, Fungal / genetics
  • Ecosystem
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mycological Typing Techniques
  • Phylogeny*
  • RNA, Ribosomal / genetics
  • Saccharomycetales / classification*
  • Saccharomycetales / genetics
  • Saccharomycetales / isolation & purification
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA

Substances

  • DNA, Fungal
  • RNA, Ribosomal