Objectives: Life-threatening bleeding may occur during implant placement.
Purpose: The present review was conducted to evaluate the localization, the symptoms, and therapies of life-threatening bleedings associated with implant placement.
Material and methods: A literature review including 590 articles was performed in PubMed, Medline, and Cochrane database. Any article reporting on life-threatening bleeding was included which additionally reported on the site of implant surgery.
Results: Twenty-seven cases were extracted. In the majority of the cases, bleeding occurred in the anterior interforaminal region. Aside local management stopping the bleedings, most cases required intubation or tracheotomy.
Conclusions: Surgeons must be aware of the risk of severe bleedings during implant surgery and should immediately refer patients to a specialized clinic in suspicious or proved cases.
Keywords: bone implant interactions; clinical assessment; clinical research; clinical trials; diagnosis.
© 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.