Lasers in esthetic treatment of gingival melanin hyperpigmentation: a review article

Lasers Med Sci. 2015 Nov;30(8):2195-203. doi: 10.1007/s10103-015-1797-3. Epub 2015 Sep 14.


The health and suitability of mouth components play an important role towards defining facial attractiveness. An important component of the oral cavity is the color of the gingival tissue. Gingival melanin hyperpigmentation is caused by several reasons and affects people across ethnicity, race, age, and both gender. Lasers are presently being used for gingival melanin depigmentation. In this article, we reviewed studies on laser parameters, duration of gingival healing, pain perception during and after the operation, scores used for the evaluation of gingival melanin hyperpigmentation, follow-up period, treatment results, and recurrence reports. We conclude that laser ablation for gingival depigmentation is one of the most pleasant, reliable, acceptable, and impressive techniques available for treating gingival melanin hyperpigmentation.

Keywords: Gingival depigmentation; Gingival melanin hyperpigmentation; Laser.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Gingival Diseases / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Hyperpigmentation / surgery*
  • Lasers*
  • Melanins / metabolism*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Wound Healing / radiation effects


  • Melanins