Detection and characterization of enteroviruses and parechoviruses in healthy people living in the South of Côte d'Ivoire

J Clin Virol. 2015 Oct:71:40-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jcv.2015.08.004. Epub 2015 Aug 5.


Background: Human enteroviruses (EVs) and parechoviruses (HPeVs) belong to the family Picornaviridae. Although most EV and HPeV infections remain asymptomatic, both pathogens can cause a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations ranging from respiratory or gastrointestinal symptoms to myocarditis, neonatal sepsis, and infections of the central nervous system.

Objectives: Aim of the present study was to investigate the spectrum of EVs and HPeVs in apparently healthy adults and children living in the South of Côte d'Ivoire.

Study design: The study included 105 stool samples obtained from healthy individuals aged 0-53 years between June 2013 and December 2014 in the Sud-Como region of Côte d'Ivoire. After collection and shipment to Germany, the samples were analyzed by real-time PCR for the presence of EVs and HPeVs RNA. Molecular typing and virus isolation of all samples were performed.''é

Results: Out of 105 samples, 24 (22.8%) were EV positive and six (5.2%) were HPeV positive. Twenty-one EV positive samples could be characterized with serotypes belonging to EV group A-C, while three could not be further specified. Interestingly, several rarely described serotypes were identified, e.g., EV-C99, EV-B93, EV-C116, and EV-A119. Typing of HPeV positive samples resulted in HPeV-1 and -5 detections, while one isolate could not be assigned to the known HPeV types.

Conclusions: This study showed a large variety of EV strains in healthy people in the South of Côte d'Ivoire and provided the first available data about HPeV infections in a sub-Saharan African country.

Keywords: Côte d’Ivoire; Human enteroviruses; Human parechoviruses; Sub-Saharan Africa.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Carrier State / epidemiology*
  • Carrier State / virology*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cote d'Ivoire / epidemiology
  • Enterovirus / classification
  • Enterovirus / genetics
  • Enterovirus / isolation & purification*
  • Enterovirus Infections / epidemiology
  • Enterovirus Infections / virology*
  • Feces / virology
  • Female
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Molecular Epidemiology
  • Molecular Typing
  • Parechovirus / classification
  • Parechovirus / genetics
  • Parechovirus / isolation & purification*
  • Picornaviridae Infections / epidemiology
  • Picornaviridae Infections / virology*
  • RNA, Viral / analysis
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Young Adult


  • RNA, Viral