The purpose of this research is to compare the prevalence of dopamine receptor D2 polymorphisms in women with recurrent miscarriage (RM) and healthy patients. Fifty-four women were enrolled in this case-control study. We performed DNA extraction of peripheral blood, followed by polymerase chain reaction to confirm single-strand polymorphisms and to sequence two polymorphisms: polymorphism 1 (rs6275) and polymorphism 2 (rs6277) in exon 7 of the dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2). The frequency of DRD2 polymorphism 2 (rs6277) was increased in the subjects with RM. An analysis of the DRD2 genotypes demonstrated an odds ratio of 2.37 (1.05-5.36, 95% confidence interval) for the polymorphism 2 (rs6277) in RM. The mean of the serum prolactin level was higher in the patients with RM (12.5 ng/ml) than in healthy women (8.1 ng/ml) p = 0.03. An excess homozygosity of the DRD2 polymorphism suggests a genetic predisposition to RMs, which could result in a mild serum prolactin increase. Thus, because of the potential role of prolactin in reproductive regulation, this polymorphism could play an important role in early pregnancy implantation and pregnancy maintenance.
Keywords: Abortion; dopamine receptor D2; polymorphism; prolactin; recurrent miscarriage.