Mitral valve anatomy: pre-procedural screening and imaging techniques

EuroIntervention. 2015 Sep;11 Suppl W:W32-6. doi: 10.4244/EIJV11SWA8.

Abstract

Mitral regurgitation is a source of significant morbidity and mortality with growing prevalence in an increasingly ageing population. The development of reparative percutaneous techniques allows offering treatment to patients ineligible for surgery. The mitral valve is a complex structure and these procedures are limited by anatomical variability and technical complexity. The most established mitral valve repair technique currently is the MitraClip, which requires a careful preoperative evaluation of the mitral valve apparatus to assess the patient's suitability for the intervention, where echocardiography plays an essential role.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiac Catheterization / instrumentation
  • Echocardiography, Doppler, Color*
  • Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional*
  • Echocardiography, Transesophageal*
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation / instrumentation
  • Hemodynamics
  • Humans
  • Mitral Valve / diagnostic imaging*
  • Mitral Valve / physiopathology
  • Mitral Valve / surgery
  • Mitral Valve Annuloplasty / instrumentation
  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency / diagnostic imaging*
  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency / physiopathology
  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency / therapy
  • Patient Selection
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Treatment Outcome