Long-term outcomes of soft tissue augmentation around dental implants on soft and hard tissue stability: a systematic review

Clin Oral Implants Res. 2015 Sep;26 Suppl 11:123-38. doi: 10.1111/clr.12629.


Aim: To investigate whether the height and volume of the soft tissues and peri-implant bone levels around dental implants are stable, when soft tissue augmentation has been performed.

Materials and methods: Three operators conducted a search on electronic databases (MEDLINE, COCHRANE, EMBASE) and a hand searching on the main journals dealing with periodontology and implantology until 30 October 2014. Only articles that considered peri-implant soft tissue augmentation performed in a group of at least 10 patients and with a follow-up of at least 1 year were selected. The outcome variables were peri-implant attached/keratinized tissue width (KTW) changes, peri-implant marginal soft tissue level (PSL) changes, and peri-implant marginal bone level (PBL) changes. The review was performed according to the PRISMA statements.

Results: Ten articles were selected for the qualitative synthesis, but only one meta-analysis was accomplished, indicating that 1 year after implant recession coverage procedures, a mean gain of 1.65 ± 0.01 mm (90% CrI [1.44; 1.85]) was observed.

Conclusions: There is no long-term evidence whether augmented soft tissues can be maintained over time and able to influence the peri-implant bone levels.

Keywords: dental implant; review; soft tissue.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Dental Implantation, Endosseous*
  • Dental Implants*
  • Gingiva / surgery*
  • Gingivoplasty / methods*
  • Humans


  • Dental Implants