Severe peripheral artery disease requires revascularization to relieve life-limiting ischemic symptoms. Postrevascularization in-stent restenosis continues to be a problem after femoropopliteal procedures. Our aim was to evaluate the use of cilostazol to prevent in-stent restenosis among patients with lower extremity arterial stenting. We performed a MEDLINE and EMBASE search and reviewed the abstracts and manuscripts following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. The primary efficacy outcome was patency rate after stenting. The odds ratio estimates were pooled using the Mantel-Haenszel random-effects method. We identified 524 studies, and 20 articles were fully abstracted and 4 were included in the meta-analysis. The total number of patients included was 2434. Patients in the cilostazol group had better primary patency rates after endovascular stenting than those not taking cilostazol (odds ratio: 0.55; 95% confidence interval: 0.43-0.71). The use of cilostazol appears to prevent in-stent restenosis of high-risk patients.
Keywords: cilostazol; peripheral arterial disease; primary patency; stenosis; stent.
© The Author(s) 2015.