Caffeic acid ethanolamide prevents cardiac dysfunction through sirtuin dependent cardiac bioenergetics preservation

J Biomed Sci. 2015 Sep 22;22(1):80. doi: 10.1186/s12929-015-0188-1.


Background: Cardiac oxidative stress, bioenergetics and catecholamine play major roles in heart failure progression. However, the relationships between these three dominant heart failure factors are not fully elucidated. Caffeic acid ethanolamide (CAEA), a synthesized derivative from caffeic acid that exerted antioxidative properties, was thus applied in this study to explore its effects on the pathogenesis of heart failure.

Results: In vitro studies in HL-1 cells exposed to isoproterenol showed an increase in cellular and mitochondria oxidative stress. Two-week isoproterenol injections into mice resulted in ventricular hypertrophy, myocardial fibrosis, elevated lipid peroxidation, cardiac adenosine triphosphate and left ventricular ejection fraction decline, suggesting oxidative stress and bioenergetics changes in catecholamine-induced heart failure. CAEA restored oxygen consumption rates and adenosine triphosphate contents. In addition, CAEA alleviated isoproterenol-induced cardiac remodeling, cardiac oxidative stress, cardiac bioenergetics and function insufficiency in mice. CAEA treatment recovered sirtuin 1 and sirtuin 3 activity, and attenuated the changes of proteins, including manganese superoxide dismutase and hypoxia-inducible factor 1-α, which are the most likely mechanisms responsible for the alleviation of isoproterenol-caused cardiac injury

Conclusion: CAEA prevents catecholamine-induced cardiac damage and is therefore a possible new therapeutic approach for preventing heart failure progression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Caffeic Acids* / chemical synthesis
  • Caffeic Acids* / chemistry
  • Caffeic Acids* / pharmacology
  • Cell Line
  • Energy Metabolism / drug effects*
  • Heart Failure / metabolism
  • Heart Failure / pathology
  • Heart Failure / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Lipid Peroxidation / drug effects*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Myocytes, Cardiac / metabolism*
  • Myocytes, Cardiac / pathology
  • Sirtuins / biosynthesis*


  • Caffeic Acids
  • Sirtuins