Mature Erythrocyte Surface Antigen Protein Identified in the Serum of Plasmodium falciparum-Infected Patients

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015 Dec;93(6):1268-73. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.15-0333. Epub 2015 Sep 21.


This study was performed to identify circulating Plasmodium falciparum proteins in patient serum, which may be useful as diagnostic markers. Depletion of highly abundant proteins from each pooled serum sample obtained from P. falciparum-infected patients and healthy individuals was performed using the Proteoseek Antibody-Based Albumin/IgG Removal Kit (Thermo Scientific, Rockford, IL). In analysis 1, the depleted serum was analyzed directly by NanoLC-MS/MS. In analysis 2, the depleted serum was separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis followed by western blot analysis. Subsequently, the selected band was analyzed by NanoLC-MS/MS. The result of analysis 1 revealed the presence of two mature erythrocyte surface antigen (MESA) proteins and chloroquine resistance transporter protein (PfCRT). In addition, analysis 2 revealed an antigenic 75-kDa band when the membrane was probed with purified IgG from the pooled serum obtained from P. falciparum-infected patients. MS/MS analysis of this protein band revealed fragments of P. falciparum MESA proteins. Thus, in this study, two different analyses revealed the presence of Plasmodium MESA protein in pooled serum from malaria patients; thus, this protein should be further investigated to determine its usefulness as a diagnostic marker.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Antigens, Protozoan / immunology*
  • Antigens, Surface / immunology
  • Blotting, Western
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin G / blood
  • Malaria, Falciparum / blood
  • Malaria, Falciparum / diagnosis
  • Malaria, Falciparum / immunology*
  • Malaysia
  • Middle Aged
  • Plasmodium falciparum / immunology*
  • Protozoan Proteins / blood
  • Protozoan Proteins / immunology*
  • Protozoan Proteins / isolation & purification
  • Serum Albumin / analysis
  • Young Adult


  • Antigens, Protozoan
  • Antigens, Surface
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • MESA protein, Plasmodium falciparum
  • Protozoan Proteins
  • Serum Albumin