The microRNA, miR-200c, is involved in the tumorigenesis and progression of a variety of cancers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression, mechanism and prognostic roles of miR-200c in breast cancer. We found that miR-200c was downregulated in both breast cancer tissue and cell lines using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). In situ hybridization (ISH) and microarrays showed that low miR-200c expression was associated with poor patient overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS). We used luciferase reporter plasmids to find that miR-200c inhibited the AKT and ERK pathways by directly targeting KRAS. Repression of KRAS by miR-200c suppressed the proliferation and survival of breast cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. miR-200c also had an anti-tumor effect by negatively regulating KRAS in a xenograft mouse model. Our findings provide clues regarding the role of miR-200c as a tumor suppressor in breast cancer through the inhibition of KRAS translation both in vitro and in vivo. miR-200c could be a potential therapeutic target in breast cancer.
Keywords: KRAS; breast cancer; miR-200c; microRNA; proliferation.