High infant mortality rate, high total fertility rate and very low female literacy in selected African countries

Scand J Public Health. 2016 Feb;44(1):2-5. doi: 10.1177/1403494815604765. Epub 2015 Sep 21.


Aim: This study focused on the top 10 selected African countries with key interventions such as high infant mortality rate, high total fertility rate and female literacy rate.

Methods: The World Bank's 2013 data were used. Descriptive analyses were performed.

Results: Findings show that Sierra Leone (107.2), Angola (102) and Central Africa Republic (96.1) reported the highest infant mortality rate per 1000 live births. The total fertility rates in Niger (7.6), Mali (6.8) and Somalia (6.6) were higher than other comparable countries.

Conclusions: Health care service providers need to pay more attention during pregnancy periods, improve number of field visits, identify pregnant women and promote 100% antenatal care if this is done practically, these countries will reduce and ultimately eliminate infant mortality.

Keywords: Infant mortality rate; delivery facilities; female literacy rate; health institutions; total fertility rate.

MeSH terms

  • Africa / epidemiology
  • Birth Rate*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant Mortality*
  • Literacy / statistics & numerical data*
  • Pregnancy