Objectives: To explore the correlations of conventional MRI (cMRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) values with the 1p/19 codeletion and IDH mutations in oligodendroglial tumours (OTs).
Methods: Eighty-four patients with OTs who underwent cMRI and DTI were retrospectively reviewed. The maximal fractional anisotropy and minimal apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) were measured and compared using the Mann-Whitney U test. Receiver operating characteristic curves, logistic regression analysis and four-table statistics analysis were performed to predict genotypings.
Results: OTs with 1p/19q codeletion or IDH mutations were prone to locate in frontal (P = 0.106 and 0.005, respectively) and insular lobes and were associated with absent or blurry contrast enhancement (P = 0.040 and 0.013, respectively). DTI values showed significant differences between OTs with and without IDH mutations (P < 0.05) but not in OTs with and without 1p/19q loss. The Ki-67 index significantly correlated with IDH mutations (P = 0.002) but not with 1p/19q codeletion. A combination of DTI and cMRI for the identification of IDH mutations resulted in sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of 92.2 %, 75.8 %, 93.8 % and 71.1 %, respectively.
Conclusions: Combination of DTI and cMRI correlates with isocitrate dehydrogenase 1/2 mutations but not 1p/19q genotyping in OTs.
Key points: • OTs with 1p/19q codeletion were associated with absent or blurry contrast enhancement • OTs with IDH mutations were also associated with absent or blurry contrast enhancement • OTs with IDH mutations were prone to locate in frontal and insular lobes • DTI values can provide a non-invasive method for assessing the IDH status of OTs • A combination of DTI and cMRI correlates with isocitrate dehydrogenase 1/2 mutations.
Keywords: 1p/19q codeletion; Conventional MRI; Diffusion tensor imaging; Isocitrate dehydrogenase gene; Oligodendroglial tumours.