Trypanosoma cruzi Binds to Cytokeratin through Conserved Peptide Motifs Found in the Laminin-G-Like Domain of the gp85/Trans-sialidase Proteins

PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015 Sep 23;9(9):e0004099. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0004099. eCollection 2015 Sep.

Abstract

Background: Chagas' disease, caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, is a disease that affects millions of people most of them living in South and Central Americas. There are few treatment options for individuals with Chagas' disease making it important to understand the molecular details of parasite infection, so novel therapeutic alternatives may be developed for these patients. Here, we investigate the interaction between host cell intermediate filament proteins and the T. cruzi gp85 glycoprotein superfamily with hundreds of members that have long been implicated in parasite cell invasion.

Methodology/principal findings: An in silico analysis was utilized to identify peptide motifs shared by the gp85 T. cruzi proteins and, using phage display, these selected peptide motifs were screened for their ability to bind to cells. One peptide, named TS9, showed significant cell binding capacity and was selected for further studies. Affinity chromatography, phage display and invasion assays revealed that peptide TS9 binds to cytokeratins and vimentin, and prevents T. cruzi cell infection. Interestingly, peptide TS9 and a previously identified binding site for intermediate filament proteins are disposed in an antiparallel β-sheet fold, present in a conserved laminin-G-like domain shared by all members of the family. Moreover, peptide TS9 overlaps with an immunodominant T cell epitope.

Conclusions/significance: Taken together, the present study reinforces previous results from our group implicating the gp85 superfamily of glycoproteins and the intermediate filament proteins cytokeratin and vimentin in the parasite infection process. It also suggests an important role in parasite biology for the conserved laminin-G-like domain, present in all members of this large family of cell surface proteins.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Motifs / physiology
  • Chagas Disease / metabolism
  • Chagas Disease / parasitology
  • Chromatography, Affinity
  • Conserved Sequence / physiology
  • Glycoproteins / chemistry
  • Glycoproteins / metabolism*
  • Host-Parasite Interactions / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Intermediate Filament Proteins / metabolism*
  • Keratins / metabolism
  • Laminin / chemistry
  • Laminin / metabolism*
  • Neuraminidase / chemistry
  • Neuraminidase / metabolism*
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary / physiology*
  • Trypanosoma cruzi / metabolism*
  • Vimentin / metabolism

Substances

  • Glycoproteins
  • Intermediate Filament Proteins
  • Laminin
  • Vimentin
  • Keratins
  • trans-sialidase
  • Neuraminidase

Grant support

This work was supported by grants from National Research Council (CNPq; http://www.cnpq.br/)(RJG, MJMA and WC) and Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP; http://www.fapesp.br/en/) numbers 2012.13967-4 (AART) 2008/54806-8 (RJG), 2013/16478-7 (WC) and 2012/50188-3 (MJMA). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.