Parasitic myoma after laparoscopic surgery: a mini-review

J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc. 2015 Jul 14;16(3):181-6. doi: 10.5152/jtgga.2015.15242. eCollection 2015.


The aim of this review is to summarize the cases of parasitic myomas after laparoscopic surgery. A literature search was performed using the PubMed database for the period of January 1997 to December 2014. We used the following keywords: "laparoscopic hysterectomy," "laparoscopic myomectomy," "morcellation," "parasitic fibroids," "parasitic myomas," and "leiomyomatosis." A total of 29 articles meeting the selection criteria were included in our review, describing 53 patients who underwent surgery for parasitic myomas. Parasitic myoma is a rare condition resulting from the small fibroid fragments left after morcellation and can be either asymptomatic or symptomatic. Although it is rare, patients should be informed about the risk of this condition after laparoscopic surgery. It is important for surgeons to look for small fibroid fragments during and after morcellation and make an effort to remove every piece of tissue.

Keywords: Laparoscopic hysterectomy; laparoscopic myomectomy; morcellation; parasitic fibroids; parasitic myomas.

Publication types

  • Review