Entrapment Neuropathies of the Foot and Ankle

Clin Sports Med. 2015 Oct;34(4):791-801. doi: 10.1016/j.csm.2015.06.002.

Abstract

Posterior tarsal tunnel syndrome is the result of compression of the posterior tibial nerve. Anterior tarsal tunnel syndrome (entrapment of the deep peroneal nerve) typically presents with pain radiating to the first dorsal web space. Distal tarsal tunnel syndrome results from entrapment of the first branch of the lateral plantar nerve and is often misdiagnosed initially as plantar fasciitis. Medial plantar nerve compression is seen most often in running athletes, typically with pain radiating to the medial arch. Morton neuroma is often seen in athletes who place their metatarsal arches repetitively in excessive hyperextension.

Keywords: Jogger’s foot; Lateral plantar nerve entrapment; Morton neuroma in athletes; Superficial and deep peroneal nerve entrapment; Tarsal tunnel syndrome.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Ankle / innervation*
  • Foot / innervation*
  • Humans
  • Nerve Compression Syndromes / complications
  • Nerve Compression Syndromes / diagnosis*
  • Nerve Compression Syndromes / therapy*
  • Running / injuries*
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome / complications
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome / therapy
  • Treatment Outcome