Discoid Meniscus: Diagnosis and Management

Orthop Clin North Am. 2015 Oct;46(4):533-40. doi: 10.1016/j.ocl.2015.06.007. Epub 2015 Aug 6.

Abstract

Discoid lateral meniscus is a common abnormal meniscal variant in children. Detailed history and physical examination combined with an MRI of the knee predictably diagnose a discoid meniscus. The clinical presentation varies from being asymptomatic to snapping, locking, and causing severe pain and swelling of the knee. Because of the pathologic anatomy and instability, discoid menisci are more prone to tearing. Treatment options for symptomatic patients vary based on the type of anomaly, the age of the patient, stability, and the presence or absence of a tear. Improvements in arthroscopic equipment and technique have resulted in good to excellent short-term outcomes for saucerization and repair.

Keywords: Arthroscopy; Discoid meniscus; Instability; Meniscus tears; Saucerization.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arthroscopy
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Joint Diseases / classification
  • Joint Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Joint Diseases / surgery
  • Joint Instability / diagnosis
  • Joint Instability / surgery
  • Menisci, Tibial / abnormalities*