[Mild Hemophilia A Fortuitously Discovered During Henoch-Schönlein Purpura]

Arch Pediatr. 2015 Nov;22(11):1167-70. doi: 10.1016/j.arcped.2015.07.014. Epub 2015 Sep 26.
[Article in French]

Abstract

Henoch-Schönlein purpura is a common form of immunological vasculitis in children. Hemophilia A is a genetic disorder, inherited in a X-linked recessive pattern, and characterized by spontaneous hemorrhage or prolonged bleeding due to factor VIII deficiency. The clinical signs depend on the severity of factor VIII deficiency. We herein report the case of a 4-year-old boy admitted to the emergency room for typical rheumatoid purpura, associated with a lengthening of aPTT, whose exploration had uncovered mild hemophilia A. Laboratory assays should explore lengthening of aPTT: firstly the presence of lupus anticoagulant without bleeding risk, in an inflammatory context; secondly a deficiency of VWF and one of the factors involved in the extrinsic coagulation pathway associated with bleeding risk.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Hemophilia A / complications*
  • Hemophilia A / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Incidental Findings
  • Male
  • Prothrombin Time
  • Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch / complications*