Comparative Study of Liver Gene Transfer With AAV Vectors Based on Natural and Engineered AAV Capsids

Mol Ther. 2015 Dec;23(12):1877-87. doi: 10.1038/mt.2015.179. Epub 2015 Sep 28.


Vectors based on the clade E family member adeno-associated virus (AAV) serotype 8 have shown promise in patients with hemophilia B and have emerged as best in class for human liver gene therapies. We conducted a thorough evaluation of liver-directed gene therapy using vectors based on several natural and engineered capsids including the clade E AAVrh10 and the largely uncharacterized and phylogenically distinct AAV3B. Included in this study was a putatively superior hepatotropic capsid, AAVLK03, which is very similar to AAV3B. Vectors based on these capsids were benchmarked against AAV8 and AAV2 in a number of in vitro and in vivo model systems including C57BL/6 mice, immune-deficient mice that are partially repopulated with human hepatocytes, and nonhuman primates. Our studies in nonhuman primates and human hepatocytes demonstrated high level transduction of the clade E-derived vectors and equally high transduction with vectors based on AAV3B. In contrast to previous reports, AAVLK03 vectors are not superior to either AAV3B or AAV8. Vectors based on AAV3B should be considered for liver-directed gene therapy when administered following, or before, treatment with the serologically distinct clade E vectors.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Capsid Proteins / genetics*
  • Capsid Proteins / metabolism
  • Dependovirus / genetics*
  • Gene Transfer Techniques*
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Genetic Therapy
  • Genetic Vectors*
  • Hepatocytes / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Liver / cytology*
  • Macaca mulatta
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Transduction, Genetic


  • Capsid Proteins