SOAP-V: Introducing a method to empower medical students to be change agents in bending the cost curve

J Hosp Med. 2016 Mar;11(3):217-20. doi: 10.1002/jhm.2489. Epub 2015 Sep 28.


Medical students must learn how to practice high-value, cost-conscious care. By modifying the traditional SOAP (Subjective-Objective-Assessment-Plan) presentation to include a discussion of value (SOAP-V), we developed a cognitive forcing function designed to promote discussion of high-value, cost-conscious care during patient delivery. The SOAP-V model prompts the student to consider (1) the evidence that supports a test or treatment, (2) the patient's preferences and values, and (3) the financial cost of a test or treatment compared to alternatives. Students report their findings to their teams during patient care rounds. This tool has been successfully used at 3 medical schools. Preliminary results find that students who have been trained in SOAP-V feel more empowered to address the economic healthcare crisis, are more comfortable in initiating discussions about value, and are more likely to consider potential costs to the healthcare system.

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Competence
  • Cost Control / methods*
  • Delivery of Health Care / economics*
  • Education, Medical, Undergraduate
  • Humans
  • New York City
  • Organizational Innovation*
  • Students, Medical*