Yoga for Self-Care and Burnout Prevention Among Nurses

Workplace Health Saf. 2015 Oct;63(10):462-70; quiz 471. doi: 10.1177/2165079915596102.


The promotion of self-care and the prevention of burnout among nurses is a public health priority. Evidence supports the efficacy of yoga to improve physical and mental health outcomes, but few studies have examined the influence of yoga on nurse-specific outcomes. The purpose of this pilot-level randomized controlled trial was to examine the efficacy of yoga to improve self-care and reduce burnout among nurses. Compared with controls (n = 20), yoga participants (n = 20) reported significantly higher self-care as well as less emotional exhaustion and depersonalization upon completion of an 8-week yoga intervention. Although the control group demonstrated no change throughout the course of the study, the yoga group showed a significant improvement in scores from pre- to post-intervention for self-care (p < .001), mindfulness (p = .028), emotional exhaustion (p = .008), and depersonalization (p = .007) outcomes. Implications for practice are discussed.

Keywords: burnout; health promotion; mental health; nurse; yoga.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Burnout, Professional / prevention & control*
  • Burnout, Professional / rehabilitation*
  • Female
  • Health Promotion / organization & administration
  • Hospitals, Teaching
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Nursing Staff, Hospital / psychology
  • Occupational Health*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Quality of Life
  • Risk Assessment
  • Self Care / methods*
  • Stress, Psychological / prevention & control
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Yoga / psychology*