Production of [3H]hexosamine-labeled proteoglycans by cultures of normal and diabetic skin fibroblasts: dilution of exogenous [3H]glucosamine by endogenous hexosamine from glucose and other sources

Arch Biochem Biophys. 1989 Jan;268(1):393-7. doi: 10.1016/0003-9861(89)90600-0.


Human skin fibroblast monolayer cultures from two normal men, three Type I diabetic men, and one Type I diabetic woman were incubated with [3H]glucosamine and [35S]-sulfate for varying periods of time. Incorporation of 3H into macromolecules appearing in the medium was linear after approximately 45 min, and incorporation of 35S was linear after approximately 30 min. The amounts of 35S-proteoglycan formed by each of the cultures during 5-h incubations were compared and were found to be fairly similar for the six lines, varying from 0.08 to 0.14 nmol sulfate/microgram DNA. Isolated 3H,35S-glycosaminoglycans were then treated with chondroitin ABC lyase to characterize the location and degree of sulfation. Results indicated a considerable variation in completeness of chondroitin/dermatan sulfation and in proportions of 6-sulfation to 4-sulfation among the various lines. However these variations did not seem to be related to whether the cells were from normals or diabetics. 3H,35S-Labeled disaccharides were isolated and ratios of 3H to 35S determined in order to calculate the [3H]glucosamine dilution by endogenous glucosamine derived from glucose or other sources during the period of incubation. Dilutions varied widely from 160- to 635-fold among the different cell lines, but the variations did not seem to be related to whether the cells were from normals or diabetics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Fibroblasts / metabolism
  • Glucosamine / metabolism*
  • Glucosamine / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Proteoglycans / biosynthesis*
  • Radioisotope Dilution Technique
  • Reference Values
  • Skin / metabolism*
  • Sulfates / metabolism
  • Sulfur Radioisotopes
  • Tritium


  • Proteoglycans
  • Sulfates
  • Sulfur Radioisotopes
  • Tritium
  • Glucosamine