Short term effects of glucose and arginine on the preproinsulin messenger ribonucleic acid level in the perfused rat pancreas: comparison with insulin secretion

Endocrinology. 1989 Feb;124(2):707-11. doi: 10.1210/endo-124-2-707.

Abstract

To investigate the role of glucose and arginine in short term regulation of preproinsulin mRNA (ppImRNA) levels, the rat pancreas was perfused in the presence of glucose and/or arginine, and changes in ppImRNA levels in the pancreas were compared with the amount of insulin released during the perfusion. Perfusion of the pancreas with high glucose and arginine induced a significant increase in ppImRNA levels within 2 h, whereas perfusion with low glucose and arginine or high glucose alone had no significant effect during this period. The insulin release induced by perfusion of high glucose combined with arginine was 2 times greater than that induced by high glucose alone or low glucose with arginine. In conclusion, insulin gene transcription can be evoked during a short period in response to an extremely large secretory demand for insulin.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arginine / pharmacology*
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Glucose / pharmacology*
  • Insulin / metabolism*
  • Insulin Secretion
  • Islets of Langerhans / drug effects
  • Islets of Langerhans / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Perfusion
  • Proinsulin / genetics*
  • Protein Precursors / genetics*
  • RNA, Messenger / drug effects
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains

Substances

  • Insulin
  • Protein Precursors
  • RNA, Messenger
  • preproinsulin
  • Proinsulin
  • Arginine
  • Glucose