Effect of omega-3 Supplementation on Inflammatory Parameters in Patients on Chronic Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis

Adv Biomed Res. 2015 Aug 10;4:167. doi: 10.4103/2277-9175.162544. eCollection 2015.

Abstract

Background: End stage renal disease (ESRD) is a state of micro inflammation that attenuates patient's life span and quality of life. Inflammatory markers like interlukin 6 (IL-6) and C- reactive protein (CRP) can predict inflammatory state in ESRD patients. Dietary limitations are risk factors for omega-3 deficiency in these patients. Omega-3 supplementation is an attractive material that proposed in inflammation modulation. The aim of this study is evaluation of effect of omega-3 supplementation on IL-6 and CRP level in chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients.

Materials and methods: This randomized controlled double-blind clinical trial is performed in 40 CAPD patients in two academic hospitals in Isfahan, Iran. One group received 1000 mg omega-3 capsule (each capsule contains 180 mg Eicosapentanoic and 120 mg Dosahexanoic acid) three times a day orally for 8 weeks (n = 20) and the other matched group by placebo (n = 20). Serum level of IL-6 and quantitative CRP (Q-CRP) were measured in beginning and the end of the study. Finally all data were analyzed by SPSS version 18.

Results: Mean age of patients was 53 years old in omega-3 group patients and 54 years old in placebo group. There were not any differences in CRP and IL-6 level in the beginning and the end of study between two groups (P: 0.81 and 0.10 for CRP and 0.26 and 0.23 for IL-6, respectively).

Conclusion: Omega-3 supplementation did not effect on inflammatory markers (Q-CRP and IL-6) in CAPD patients after 8 weeks.

Keywords: C– reactive protein; chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis; interlukin 6; omega–3.