Self-reported Occupational Skin Exposure and Risk of Physician-certified Long-term Sick Leave: A Prospective Study of the General Working Population of Norway

Acta Derm Venereol. 2016 Mar;96(3):336-40. doi: 10.2340/00015555-2253.


Little is known about the contribution of occupational skin exposure as a risk factor for physician-certified long-term sick leave in the general working population of Norway. This study drew a cohort (n = 12,255; response at baseline 69.9%) randomly from the general population of Norway. Occupational skin exposure (in 2009) was measured based on 5 items. The outcome of interest was physician-certified long-term sick leave ≥ 16 days during 2010. Statistical adjustment for psychosocial and mechanical occupational exposures was performed. Long-term sick leave was predicted by occupational skin exposure to cleaning products (odds ratio (OR) 1.7; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.1-2.5) and waste (OR 2.1; 95% CI 1.1-3.7) among men, and occupational skin exposure to water (OR 1.3; 95% CI 1.0-1.6) among women. The estimated population attributable risk for occupational skin exposure was 14.5%, which emphasizes its contribution as an important risk factor for long-term sick leave.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Job Description
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Norway
  • Occupational Exposure / adverse effects*
  • Occupational Health*
  • Occupations*
  • Odds Ratio
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Self Report*
  • Sex Factors
  • Sick Leave*
  • Time Factors
  • Waste Products / adverse effects*
  • Water / adverse effects*


  • Waste Products
  • Water