Titanium-zirconium narrow-diameter versus titanium regular-diameter implants for anterior and premolar single crowns: 3-year results of a randomized controlled clinical study

J Clin Periodontol. 2015 Nov;42(11):1060-70. doi: 10.1111/jcpe.12468. Epub 2015 Nov 14.


Aim: To test whether titanium-zirconium (Ti-Zr) 3.3 mm diameter implants perform differently from titanium (Ti) 4.1 mm diameter implants with respect to marginal bone level (MBL) and clinical parameters.

Material and methods: Forty patients in need of a single-implant crown in the anterior or premolar regions were enrolled in two centres. Following random allocation, either a Ti-Zr or a Ti implant was inserted. Porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns were inserted 6 months after implantation. Implant survival, change in MBL, clinical parameters, change in mid-facial mucosa and papilla levels, and the occurrence of biological and technical complications were assessed at the 3-year follow-up.

Results: At 3 years, 32 of the 40 included patients were examined (15 Ti and 17 Ti-Zr implants). There were no implant failures. From the implant placement to 3 years, the median change in mean MBL amounted to 0.21 mm (mean: -0.31) in the Ti group and 0.10 mm (mean: -0.40) in the Ti-Zr group. There were no significant differences between the groups with respect to the change in MBL, the change in mucosa levels, and the occurrence of complications.

Conclusions: Ti-Zr implants with 3.3 mm diameter used for the support of single crowns in the anterior and the premolar regions did not differ from Ti implants with 4.1 mm diameter regarding the clinical performance over a 3-year period.

Keywords: bone; complication; crown; dental implants; diameter; fixed partial denture; humans; mucosa; narrow; peri-implantitis; radiographic; randomized controlled trial; survival; titanium; titanium-zirconium.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bicuspid
  • Crowns*
  • Dental Implants, Single-Tooth*
  • Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported
  • Dental Restoration Failure
  • Humans
  • Titanium
  • Zirconium


  • Zirconium
  • Titanium