Genetic and Biochemical Mechanisms of Pollen Wall Development

Trends Plant Sci. 2015 Nov;20(11):741-753. doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2015.07.010. Epub 2015 Oct 3.


The pollen wall is a specialized extracellular cell wall matrix that surrounds male gametophytes and plays an essential role in plant reproduction. Uncovering the mechanisms that control the synthesis and polymerization of the precursors of pollen wall components has been a major research focus in plant biology. We review current knowledge on the genetic and biochemical mechanisms underlying pollen wall development in eudicot model Arabidopsis thaliana and monocot model rice (Oryza sativa), focusing on the genes involved in the biosynthesis, transport, and assembly of various precursors of pollen wall components. The conserved and divergent aspects of the genes involved as well as their regulation are addressed. Current challenges and future perspectives are also highlighted.

Keywords: Coordinated regulation; evolution; exine; intine; tapetum; tryphine.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis / genetics
  • Arabidopsis / growth & development*
  • Arabidopsis / metabolism
  • Oryza / genetics
  • Oryza / growth & development*
  • Oryza / metabolism
  • Pollen / genetics
  • Pollen / growth & development*
  • Pollen / metabolism