Spinal abnormalities in camptomelic dysplasia

J Pediatr Orthop. Jan-Feb 1989;9(1):6-14. doi: 10.1097/01241398-198901000-00002.

Abstract

Significant spinal abnormalities were found in eight patients (average age of 6 years, 5 months) with camptomelic dysplasia. The late ossification of the midthoracic pedicles served as a clear diagnostic criterion for the syndrome. Scoliosis averaging 63 degrees was found in all seven nonquadriplegic cases. Thoracic hyperkyphosis averaging 126 degrees was seen in six (75%) of the patients, while cervical kyphosis averaging 66 degrees was noted in three (38%). Vertebral body hypoplasia appeared to be a major cause of deformity. This study clarifies that patients with camptomelic dysplasia are surviving longer than previously expected and therefore should have their spinal deformities treated aggressively.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Bone Diseases, Developmental / complications*
  • Bone Diseases, Developmental / diagnostic imaging
  • Cartilage / ultrastructure
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kyphosis / surgery
  • Quadriplegia / etiology
  • Radiography
  • Spinal Diseases / etiology*
  • Spinal Diseases / surgery
  • Spine / abnormalities*
  • Spine / surgery