Introduction: Ebbert et al. reported gene-gene interactions between rs11136000-rs670139 (CLU-MS4A4E) and rs3865444-rs670139 (CD33-MS4A4E). We evaluate these interactions in the largest data set for an epistasis study.
Methods: We tested interactions using 3837 cases and 4145 controls from Alzheimer's Disease Genetics Consortium using meta-analyses and permutation analyses. We repeated meta-analyses stratified by apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 status, estimated combined odds ratio (OR) and population attributable fraction (cPAF), and explored causal variants.
Results: Results support the CLU-MS4A4E interaction and a dominant effect. An association between CLU-MS4A4E and APOE ε4 negative status exists. The estimated synergy factor, OR, and cPAF for rs11136000-rs670139 are 2.23, 2.45, and 8.0, respectively. We identified potential causal variants.
Discussion: We replicated the CLU-MS4A4E interaction in a large case-control series and observed APOE ε4 and possible dominant effect. The CLU-MS4A4E OR is higher than any Alzheimer's disease locus except APOE ε4, APP, and TREM2. We estimated an 8% decrease in Alzheimer's disease incidence without CLU-MS4A4E risk alleles and identified potential causal variants.
Keywords: ADGC; ADNI; Alzheimer's disease; CD33; CLU; Epistasis; MS4A4E; Meta-analysis.
Copyright © 2016 The Alzheimer's Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.