We compared changes in blood glucose (BG) and risk of hypoglycaemia during and after exercise in 40 patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) treated with insulin degludec (IDeg) or insulin glargine (IGlar) in a randomized, open-label, two-period, crossover trial. After individual titration and a steady-state period, patients performed 30 min of moderate-intensity cycle ergometer exercise (65% peak rate of oxygen uptake). BG, counter-regulatory hormones and hypoglycaemic episodes were measured frequently during and for 24 h after exercise. BG changes during exercise were similar with IDeg and IGlar [estimated treatment difference (ETD) for maximum BG decrease: 0.14 mmol/l; 95% confidence interval (CI) -0.15, 0.42; p = 0.34], as was mean BG (ETD -0.16 mmol/l; 95% CI -0.36, 0.05; p = 0.13). No hypoglycaemic episodes occurred during exercise. Post-exercise mean BG, counter-regulatory hormone response and number of hypoglycaemic episodes in 24 h after starting exercise were similar with IDeg (18 events in 13 patients) and IGlar (23 events in 15 patients). This clinical trial showed that, in patients with T1D treated with a basal-bolus regimen, the risk of hypoglycaemia induced by moderate-intensity exercise was low with IDeg and similar to that with IGlar.
Keywords: exercise; glycaemic control; insulin therapy; type 1 diabetes.
© 2015 The Authors. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.