Students as catalysts to increase community pharmacy-led direct patient care services

J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). 2015 Nov-Dec;55(6):642-648. doi: 10.1331/JAPhA.2015.14261.


Objective: To describe the impact on community pharmacy service development of a faculty-student-pharmacist collaborative program offered by five U.S. colleges.

Setting: Colleges of pharmacy and community pharmacies in Arizona, Illinois, Ohio, Utah, and West Virginia.

Practice description: Partner for Promotion (PFP) is an elective, longitudinal advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) focused on enhancement of community pharmacy management skills, specifically the development and implementation of direct patient care services. This faculty-student-pharmacist collaborative model has been implemented in five U.S. colleges of pharmacy beyond the originating institution.

Evaluation: Data on pharmacy demographics and the impact of PFP on service creation and longevity at these partnering schools were reported via annual online surveys completed by faculty directors at each partnering college of pharmacy.

Results: Over a 3-year period, 19 pharmacy teams across five states worked to create a total of 15 direct patient care services, 12 of which were still being offered to patients at the time of data collection (80% longevity). The PFP program guided 38 students through the process of developing and implementing a sustainable service at a community pharmacy. All participating faculty from partnering colleges of pharmacy (100%) indicated that PFP model materials were "very useful" (4-point Likert scale; 1, not useful, to 4, very useful), and all five colleges plan to continue offering the program moving forward.

Conclusion: The PFP model of training and service development can have a positive impact on the pharmacy profession, serve as an avenue for training students in the development of clinical services, and be a catalyst for establishing the growth of community pharmacy as a patient-centered, service-oriented partner in the health care system.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Community Pharmacy Services / organization & administration*
  • Community-Institutional Relations*
  • Cooperative Behavior
  • Curriculum
  • Delivery of Health Care / organization & administration*
  • Education, Pharmacy / methods
  • Health Services Research
  • Humans
  • Models, Educational
  • Patient-Centered Care / organization & administration*
  • Professional Role
  • Program Evaluation
  • Students, Pharmacy*
  • United States