Ninety-eight young adult patients were examined and scored according to the criteria of the Navy Periodontal Screening Examination. The population examined had a 98% incidence of inflammatory periodontal disease. The relationship of the Navy Periodontal Disease Index and the Navy Plaque Index total scores was determined to +0.55 (P 0.01). The relationship of the gingival score of the NPDI and the NPI was found to be +0.75 (P 0.01). The Navy Plaque Index, like others reported, has a better relationship to a reversible index of inflammatory periodontal disease. The use of the NPDI total is recommended as an aid in determining treatment recommendations.