Focal electroretinograms (ERGs) were obtained from the fovea in 142 eyes with a variety of macular diseases and 50 age-matched eyes with acuity loss in which macular disease was ruled out. Across all eyes, the accuracy rate of discriminating macular disease from other causes of acuity loss was 87%. Among all eyes with macular disease, the sensitivity rate of the focal ERG to the presence of macular disease was 85%. Log focal ERG amplitude was significantly correlated with log Snellen acuity, except in those eyes with macular holes. The sensitivity rate increased to 94% when eyes with 20/40 or greater acuity and eyes with macular holes were excluded.