Purpose: To use optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) to characterize the effects of anti-VEGF injections on treatment-naive choroidal neovascularization (CNV).
Methods: From August 2014 to May 2015, treatment-naive eyes with CNV were scanned using a prototype OCTA system on a commercially available SD-OCT device (Optovue Inc, Fremont, CA). Optical coherence tomography angiography scans were obtained before anti-VEGF injection and at follow-up visits. The CNV area and greatest linear dimension (GLD) were measured along with the maximum retinal pigment epithelial detachment (RPED) height. Changes in subretinal and/or intraretinal fluid were also assessed.
Results: Six eyes of six patients with treatment-naive CNV were included. Diagnoses included neovascular age-related macular degeneration, idiopathic polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy, CNV secondary to central serous chorioretinopathy and multifocal choroiditis, and macular telangiectasia Type 2 with subretinal neovascularization. After treatment, all patients with fluid on OCT initially showed a decrease in the amount of fluid. Five of six patients demonstrated decreases in CNV GLD and area with an average reduction of 23.6% and 29.8% respectively.
Conclusion: Both CNV greatest linear dimension and area measured using OCTA decreased after anti-VEGF treatment in most patients. Optical coherence tomography angiography may be a useful tool for monitoring and quantifying the response of CNV to treatment.